PANEL 1.04

Christians, Muslims, Jews and “Pagans” in Medieval Ethiopia: Archaelogical and Historical Perspectives.

Coordination:
Marie-Laure Derat, French Center for Ethiopian Studies, Ethiopia;
Deresse Ayenachew, Debre Berhan University, Zara Yaeqob Center, Ethiopia;
François-Xavier Fauvelle CNRS-Toulouse University, France.

Recent research indicating different “cultural facies” of medieval Ethiopia suggests a complex world of Christian, Muslim, Jew and “Pagan” societies juxtaposed. The objective of this panel is to challenge the “Christian-centered” perception of a single and homogenous Christian kingdom surrounded by peripheral Muslim and “Pagans” and to underline their cultural proximity and their relationships.
New developments on Christian societies (see the recent publications on the churches of Ethiopia and current research in Lalibela), the recent discoveries on the Muslim kingdoms (with the location and excavation of several urban sites known or not by texts) and further research on “pagan” societies who left mounds and stelae (see the works on the sites of Southern Ethiopia and the steles associated to a “Shay culture” in Shoa) give chance to re-read different types of sources: written sources both Christian and Muslim, but also data related to architectural construction techniques, style or liturgy, and archaeological data. This research enables us also to link these societies with their territories from which they were disconnected in the studies. Moreover the integrated study of Christian, Muslim and “pagan” societies of Ethiopia forces us to shift to the period of the High Middle Ages when these societies began to distinguish from each other. In short, we believe it is now possible to compare the knowledge and representations of this period to propose a more “integrated” medieval Ethiopian history.

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SELECTED PAPERS

Dr

DERAT Marie-Laure

“Pagans” and Muslims in Christian sources produced during Medieval period

Dr

DERESSE AYENACHEW & FAUVELLE François-Xavier

From townsmen to herdsmen and traders: A historical survey of Muslim communities in eastern Shoa from the medieval times to the present

Dr

FAU, Jean-François

The Jews in the Horn of Africa in medieval times: between peripheral settlement and Karaite influence

Fr.

FRITSCH Emmanuel

Periodising the Churches of Lalibala

Mr

GETACHEW MERESSA

Wuqir Lalibela: An Unknown Rock Hewn Structure in Alamata

Dr

METASSEBIA BEKELE &YONAS BEYENE

Reconstructing the past: New archaeological data from Gamo Gofa, South Ethiopia.

Dr.

POISSONNIER Bertrand

‘Pagans’ in Medieval Ethiopia : New Archaeological Data

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Authors are advised to submit their paper to the Organizing Committee
before September 30, 2012
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Papers will be published as pre-proceedings on the website, under each panel section.

Papers should be limited to ca. 5000 words or 30,000 signs (including spaces).

Guidelines to authors for formatting papers:

Transilteration systems for Ethiosemitic languages


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